PUG

Cardiovascular conditions

Hereditary stenosis of the bundle of His

Dermatological conditions

Atopy
  • Females probably predisposed
Lentiginosis profusa
  • Hereditary in pugs
Intertrigo
  • This breed is predisposed to facial-fold intertrigo
Papilloma-virus-associated pigmented lesions
Epidermal naevi

Musculoskeletal conditions

Aseptic necrosis of the femoral head
Congenital elbow luxation

• Severe disability in this breed

Hemivertebrae

Neoplastic conditions

Oral melanoma
  • Possible breed predisposition
Mast cell tumours
  • Possible breed predisposition

Neurological conditions

Hemiverebrae
  • Congenital
Pug encephalitis

Ocular conditions

Entropion (usually medial lower lids)
  • Breed predisposition
Distichiasis
  • Breed predisposition
Caruncular trichiasis
  • Breed predisposition
Keratoconjunctivitis sicca
  • Breed predisposition
Congenital keratoconjunctivitis sicca (lacrimal gland hypoplasia)
  • Affected breed
Proptosis
  • Occurs more easily in this breed due to head shape
Pigmentary keratitis
  • Breed predisposition
Refractory corneal ulceration
  • Breed predisposition

Physiological conditions

Achondroplasia
  • Genetic dwarfism
  • Skull and limbs affected
  • Accepted as a breed standard

Reproductive conditions

XX sex reversal
  • Congenital condition reported in this breed
Dystocia
  • Breed predisposition due to combination of narrow pelvis and large head/wide shoulders

Respiratory conditions

Brachycephalic upper airway syndrome
  • Complex of anatomical deformities
  • Common in this breed
  • Probably a consequence of selective breeding for certain facial characteristics