Cardiovascular conditions

Aortic stenosis
  • Males strongly predisposed in this breed
Atrial septal defect
Dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Prevalence of 1.3% in this breed compared to 0.16% in mixed breeds and 0.65% in pure breeds
Pulmonic stenosis
Patent ductus arteriosus

Dermatological conditions

Pyotraumatic folliculitis
  • Also known as hot spot, wet eczema
Pemphigus foliaceous
Colour-dilution alopecia
Acquired depigmentation
Callus dermatitis/pyoderma

Endocrine diseases


Gastrointestinal conditions

Congenital idiopathic megaoesophagus
  • Breed predisposition

Neurological conditions

Distal polyneuropathy

Ocular conditions

  • Breed predisposition
  • Breed predisposition
Macropalpebral fissure resulting in combined entropion-ectropion (‘diamond eye’)
  • Breed predisposition
Eversion of the cartilage of the nictitating membrane
  • Breed predisposition
Medial canthal pocket syndrome
  • Breed predisposition
  • Inheritance suspected

Renal and urinary conditions

Ectopic ureters
  • Congenital anomaly – higher incidence reported in this breed
Cystine urolithiasis

Respiratory conditions

Primary ciliary dyskinesia
  • Thought to be inherited as an autosomal recessive trait in this breed