Cardiovascular conditions

  • Also known as chronic valvular disease

Dermatological conditions

Food hypersensitivity
Congenital hypotrichosis

Drug reactions

  • Subcutaneous injections in this breed may cause local areas of alopecia

Gastrointestinal conditions

Pyloric stenosis (antral pyloric hypertrophy syndrome)
  • Breed predisposition to adult-onset pyloric hypertrophy syndrome

Neoplastic conditions

Sebaceous gland tumours
  • Possible breed predisposition to sebaceous epithelioma
  • This breed is predisposed to the solitary form of the disease
Perianal (hepatoid) gland adenomas
  • Breed predisposition suggested in one survey of 2700 cases

Neurological conditions

  • Congenital
  • Relatively common
Intervertebral disc disease
  • Breed predisposition

Ocular conditions

Entropion (usually lower lids)
  • Breed predisposition; polygenic inheritance likely
  • Breed predisposition
Ectopic cilia
  • Breed predisposition
Caruncular trichiasis
  • Breed predisposition
Keratoconjunctivitis sicca
  • Breed predisposition
Prolapse of the gland of the nictitating membrane
  • Breed predisposition; possibly inherited
Pigmentary keratitis
  • Breed predisposition
Refractory corneal ulceration
  • Breed predisposition
Corneal dystrophy
  • Inheritance suspected
Vitreous syneresis
  • Breed predisposition
Generalised progressive retinal atrophy (GPRA)
  • Autosomal recessive inheritance suspected

Renal and urinary conditions

Familial renal disease (renal dysplasia)
  • Mode of inheritance unknown
Renal glucosuria
  • May be seen with familial renal disease
Calcium oxalate urolithiasis
  • Higher incidence has been noted in this breed
Struvite (magnesium ammonium phosphate) urolithiasis
  • Higher incidence has been noted in this breed
Silica urolithiasis
  • Higher incidence has been noted in this breed in some surveys

Respiratory conditions

Tracheal collapse