Pug – Disease Predisposition



Cardiovascular conditions

Hereditary stenosis of the bundle of His

Dermatological conditions

  • Females probably predisposed
Lentiginosis profusa
  • Hereditary in pugs
  • This breed is predisposed to facial-fold intertrigo
Papilloma-virus-associated pigmented lesions
Epidermal naevi

Musculoskeletal conditions

Aseptic necrosis of the femoral head
Congenital elbow luxation

• Severe disability in this breed


Neoplastic conditions

Oral melanoma
  • Possible breed predisposition
Mast cell tumours
  • Possible breed predisposition

Neurological conditions

  • Congenital
Pug encephalitis

Ocular conditions

Entropion (usually medial lower lids)
  • Breed predisposition
  • Breed predisposition
Caruncular trichiasis
  • Breed predisposition
Keratoconjunctivitis sicca
  • Breed predisposition
Congenital keratoconjunctivitis sicca (lacrimal gland hypoplasia)
  • Affected breed
  • Occurs more easily in this breed due to head shape
Pigmentary keratitis
  • Breed predisposition
Refractory corneal ulceration
  • Breed predisposition

Physiological conditions

  • Genetic dwarfism
  • Skull and limbs affected
  • Accepted as a breed standard

Reproductive conditions

XX sex reversal
  • Congenital condition reported in this breed
  • Breed predisposition due to combination of narrow pelvis and large head/wide shoulders

Respiratory conditions

Brachycephalic upper airway syndrome
  • Complex of anatomical deformities
  • Common in this breed
  • Probably a consequence of selective breeding for certain facial characteristics

1 Comment on "Pug – Disease Predisposition"

  1. )I agree with everything you have said here, there’s just one fuehtrr point I’d like to add there’s no such thing as a PITBULL! Pit actually denotes a fighting dog, as they’re made to face each other in pits whilst the sub-humans bet on their lives. There are many BULL breed, Staffordshire Bull Terriers, Bulldogs, Bull Mastiff etc but PITbull is actually a mis-nomer. Just thought I’d share that, because every time a dog is called a pitbull, we’re supporting the idea that these dogs were bred to fight.As the owner of the world’s silliest German Shepherd I am 100% against BSL. It needs to stop now.August 21, 2010 12:26 pm

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