Cavalier King Charles Spaniels – Disease Predisposition

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

CAVALIER KING CHARLES SPANIEL

  • Endocardiosis – Also known as chronic valvular disease – very high risk
  • Reported that in the UK, 59% of Cavaliers over 4 years of age have a heart murmur
  • Patent ductus arteriosus
  • Ichthyosis
  • Syringomyelia – Researchers estimate that as many as 95% of CKCSs have Chiari-like malformation which is thought to be a contributing factor to the onset of syringomyelia. They also estimate that 50% of CKCSs have the disease.
  • Undefined immunodeficiency syndrome
  • Pneumocystis carinii infection – could be due to a concurrent immunodeficiency syndrome
  • Myopathy associated with falling Cavaliers
  • Inguinal/scrotal herniation
  • Shoulder luxation
  • Episodic falling Seen in the UK
  • Entropion (usually medial lids)
  • Distichiasis
  • Keratoconjunctivitis sicca
  • Corneal dystrophy
  • Cataract
  • Multifocal retinal dysplasia
  • Geographic retinal dysplasia Reported in the UK
  • Generalised progressive retinal atrophy (GPRA)
  • Multiple ocular defects – Congenital condition – inheritance suspected – Defects may include microphthalmia, persis­tence of the hyaloid system and congenital cataract
  • Giant platelets and thrombocytopaenia
  • Brachycephalic upper airway syndrome  – probably due to selective breeding for certain facial characteristics
  • Pneumonia due to Pneumocystis carinii infection – could be due to a concurrent immunodeficiency syndrome

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