Maltese – Disease Predisposition



Cardiovascular conditions

Patent ductus arteriosus
  • Common congenital abnormality
  • Also known as chronic valvular disease

Dermatological conditions

Malassezia dermatitis

Gastrointestinal conditions

Pyloric Stenosis (antral pyloric hypertrophy syndrome)
  • Possible breed predisposition to adult-onset pyloric hypertrophy syndrome
Congenital portosystemic shunt
  • Possible breed predisposition

Musculoskeletal conditions

Inguinal/scrotal herniation
  • Females predisposed

Neurological conditions

  • Congenital
Hypoglycaemia (as a possible cause of seizures)
  • Breed predisposition
Shaker dog disease
  • Breed predisposition

Ocular conditions

Entropion (usually medial lower lid)
  • Breed predisposition; polygenic inheritance likely
  • Breed predisposition
Caruncular trichiasis
  • Breed predisposition
  • Breed predisposition
Multifocal retinal dysplasia
  • Congenital condition; autosomal recessive inheritance suspected
Generalised progressive retinal atrophy (GPRA)
  • Autosomal recessive inheritance suspected

Reproductive conditions

  • Believed to be a breed at increased risk of the condition

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