Bulldog – Disease Predispositions

English bulldog

BULLDOG (ENGLISH)

  • Ventricular septal defect – high risk in this breed
  • Tetralogy of Fallot
  • Aortic stenosis – high risk in this breed
  • Pulmonic stenosis
  • Muzzle folliculitis and furunculosis
  • Pododermatitis
  • Generalised demodicosis
  • Hyperoestrogenism
  • Canine follicular dysplasia –  A marked predilection in this breed implies a genetic basis for this group of diseases
  • Seasonal flank alopecia
  • Intertrigo – probably occurs due to intentional breeding for excessive skin folding
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Cleft palate
  • Ununited anconeal process
  • Congenital elbow luxation
  • Hemivertebrae
  • Sacrocaudal dysgenesis
  • Brachyury
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Mast cell tumours
  • Primary brain tumour
  • Lymphosarcoma (malignant lymphoma)
  • Congenital deafness
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Hemivertebrae
  • Spina bifida (and myelodysplasia)
  • Sacrocaudal dysgenesis
  • Stenosis of the vertebral canal
  • Primary brain tumour
  • Entropion (usually lower lid)
  • Macropalpebral fissure resulting in combined entropion–ectropion (‘diamond eye’)
  • Distichiasis
  • Trichiasis
  • Keratoconjunctivitis sicca
  • Prolapse of the gland of the nictitating membrane
  • Refractory corneal ulceration
  • Multifocal retinal dysplasia
  • Achondroplasia – accepted as a breed standard
  • Ectopic ureters
  • Urethrorectal fistula
  • Urethral prolapse
  • Cystine urolithiasis
  • Urate urolithiasis
  • Dystocia
  • Vaginal hyperplasia
  • Cryptorchidism
  • Urethral prolapse
  • Hypoplastic trachea –  this breed accounts for 55% of reported cases
  • Brachycephalic upper airway syndrome  – Common in this breed and most probably due to selective breeding for certain facial characteristics

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