Bernese Mountain Dog – Disease Predispositions

Bernese Mountain Dog


  • Colour dilution alopecia
  • Seasonal nasal hypopigmentation (snow nose)
  • Elbow dysplasia
  • Polyarthritis/meningitis
  • Shoulder osteochondrosis
  • Hip dysplasia – A large study in 1989 showed a prevalence of 25.3% in this breed
  • Cutaneous haemangiosarcoma
  • Malignant histiocytosis
  • Systemic histiocytosis – a rare condition that has only been reported in this breed
  • Hypomyelination of the central nervous system
  • Meningitis and polyarteritis
  • Entropion
  • Systemic histiocytosis (ocular signs may include uveitis, chemosis and scleritis)
  • Cataract
  • Generalised progressive retinal atrophy (GPRA)
  • Familial renal disease (membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis)
  • Malignant histiocytosis

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