Pekingese – Disease Predisposition

Pekingese

PEKINGESE

Cardiovascular conditions

Endocardiosis
  • Also known as chronic valvular disease

Dermatological conditions

Dermatophytosis
Pododermatitis
Intertrigo
  • Facial fold intertrigo common in this breed
Rabies-vaccine-associated vasculitis and alopecia

Gastrointestinal conditions

Pyloric stenosis (antral pyloric hypertrophy syndrome)
Breed predisposition to adult-onset pyloric hypertrophy syndrome
Haemorrhagic gastroenteritis
  • Possible breed predisposition

Musculoskeletal conditions

Congenital elbow luxation
Odontoid process dysplasia
  • Congenital
Perineal hernia
Retrognathia
Umbilical hernia

Neoplastic conditions

Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin

Neurological conditions

Intervertebral disc disease
  • Breed predisposition
  • Relatively common
Hydrocephalus
  • Congenital
  • Relatively common
Hemivertebrae
  • Congenital
Atlantoaxial subluxation
  • Congenital
  • Relatively common

Ocular conditions

Entropion
  • Breed predisposition
Distichiasis
  • Breed predisposition
Caruncular trichiasis
  • Breed predisposition
Nasal fold trichiasis
  • Breed predisposition
Keratoconjunctivitis sicca
  • Breed predisposition
Refractory corneal ulceration
  • Breed predisposition
Pigmentary keratitis
  • Breed predisposition
Proptosis
  • Occurs more easily in this breed due to head shape
Cataract
  • Inheritance suspected
Generalised progressive retinal atrophy (GPRA)

Physiological conditions

Achondroplasia
  • Genetic dwarfism
  • Accepted as a breed standard

Reproductive conditions

Cryptorchidism
  • Believed to be a breed at increased risk of the condition
Male pseudohermaphroditism

Respiratory conditions

Brachycephalic upper airway syndrome
  • Complex of anatomical deformities
  • Common in this breed
  • Probably a consequence of selective breeding for certain facial characteristics
Bronchial cartilage hypoplasia
  • Congenital

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