Greyhound – Disease Predisposition

GreyhoundGreyhound

GREYHOUND

Dermatological conditions

Idiopathic cutaneous and renal glomerular vasculopathy
  • Seen in kenneled and racing Greyhounds
  • No age or sex predilection
Pattern baldness
  • Affects almost exclusively females
  • Ventral neck and ventrum affected
Ehler-Danlos syndrome
  • Also known as cutaneous asthenia
  • Inherited group of diseases
  • May be inherited as an autosomal dominant trait
Ventral comedone syndrome
  • Common
Vasculitis
  • Uncommon
  • Usually type III hypersensitivity reaction

Drug reactions

Thiopentone
  • This breed has a greatly increased susceptibility to thiopentone

Haematological conditions

Haemolytic uraemic syndrome
  • A disorder of platelet hyperaggregability

Musculoskeletal conditions

Polyarthritis of Greyhounds
  • Affects animals aged 3–30 months
Exertional myopathy
Medial displacement of biceps brachii tendon
  • Uncommon
Accessory carpal-bone fracture
Carpal soft-tissue injuries
  • Often caused by carpal hyperextension during racing
Chronic sesamoiditis
  • Common
Avulsion of tibial tuberosity
  • Growth-plate fracture
Spontaneous tibial fracture
Calcaneoquartal subluxation due to plantar tarsal ligament rupture
Calcaneus fracture
  • Common in racing Greyhounds
Central-tarsal-bone fracture
  • Very common in racing Greyhound
Superficial digital flexor tendon luxation
  • Uncommon

Neurological conditions

Congenital deafness

Ocular conditions

Chronic superficial keratitis (pannus)
  • Breed predisposition
  • Age of onset: 2–5 years
Lens luxation
  • Breed predisposition; inheritance suspected
  • Age of onset: 3–5 years
Generalised progressive retinal atrophy
  • Mode of inheritance unknown but presumed recessive
  • Condition occurs early and may progress to blindness by 2 years

Physiological conditions

Hypertension
  • Greyhounds have higher blood pressures than other breeds.
Cardiac hypertrophy
Prominent cytoplasmic vacuolation of eosinophils
Short red blood cell lifespan
Packed cell volume
  • Mean cellular haemoglobin concentration and mean cell volume is higher than for other breeds
  • Red blood cell count is lower than for other breeds
Thrombocytopaenia
  • Platelet counts are lower in this breed than others
Blood group
  • This breed tends to be DEA 1.1 and 1.2 negative
Thyroid hormones
  • T4 and free T4 are lower in healthy Greyhounds than other breeds
  • Mean cTSH is the same as for other breeds
Supernumerary teeth
  • Present in 36.4% of Greyhounds surveyed
  • Usually first premolar
  • Usually occurs in the upper arcade

Be the first to comment on "Greyhound – Disease Predisposition"

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published.


*